Bank Indonesia seeks to reduce the country’s reliance on the US dollar, with plans to allow domestic transactions of non-deliverable forwards in other currencies and to strike more agreements on local currency settlement.
The central bank could offer non-US dollar-denominated domestic NDFs next year, Edi Susianto, executive director for monetary management, said in interview on Thursday. The monetary authority is also seeking local-currency settlement deals with South Korea and Australia while pushing to conclude talks for an agreement with China, its largest trading partner.
“Our initiative to reduce reliance on US dollar is relatively new, but we’re seeing a significant growth in terms of transactions in the local currency settlements,” Susianto said. “We will continue to encourage more non-dollar transactions with rupiah to be carried out in the future.”
Indonesia has existing pacts with Malaysia, Thailand and Japan that have boosted transactions settled in non-dollar currencies to $2.8 billion as of August, from $2.5 billion in end-2021. Bank Indonesia previously said such transactions would grow 10% this year.
Indonesia is a key advocate of using local currencies for trade and investment transactions in Southeast Asia and beyond, saying this would make for more efficient conversion and also expand the availability of hedging instruments. That initiative has taken on greater urgency as the rupiah plunged this week to a two-year low.
The rupiah’s current bout of weakness should be temporary as Southeast Asia’s largest economy is on a positive trajectory that will continue to attract capital and help the rupiah return to “its fundamental value,” he said. The central bank’s market interventions should be adequate to keep the rupiah stable until then.
While Indonesia’s foreign reserves are set to decline towards the year-end, they will continue to sufficiently cover more than six months’ worth of imports, he added. The reserves were at $132.2 billion in August, equivalent to 6.1 months of imports.