Istanbul / AFP
Six suicide attacks in eight months and a spat with Russia have added to concerns for the Turkish economy as tourists flee, taking billions of dollars in spending elsewhere, and foreign investors skirt the troubled country.
Days after a suspected IS extremist blew himself up on a top shopping street in Istanbul, hotels, restaurants and retailers in the city are counting their losses. Shops and restaurants on Istiklal Street, the usually bustling two-kilometre-long pedestrian artery targeted in the March 19 attack, complain of a sharp drop in business since the bombing, which killed four foreigners and injured dozens. The attack on Istiklal â€” the beating heart of Turkeyâ€™s biggest city â€” emphasised the security threat after three deadly suicide attacks in the capital Ankara.
While financial markets have so far reacted with relative sangfroid to the terror wave, analysts say the bloodshed is putting strain on Turkey which is already battling high inflation and mid-term economic uncertainty.
â€œThere could be large economic costs from these attacks, particularly in terms of long-investment and the tourism sector,â€ William Jackson, senior emerging markets economist at Capital Economics in London said.
Western tourist numbers have slowed since Turkey began to come under sustained attack from IS extremists and Kurdish rebels last July.
The industryâ€™s headaches worsened when Turkey shot down a Russian jet on its border with Syria in November, nearly eradicating the key annual influx of Russian tourists.
Hikmet Eraslan, chairman of the upmarket Dosso Dossi hotel chain in Istanbul, said he had been forced to halve room prices to try attract visitors. â€œWe had to let people go to reduce costs. What else can you do? We have to live,â€ Eraslan said. The recently renovated Golden Age hotel, which lies just a few minutes walk from the scene of Saturdayâ€™s blast, is also struggling to fill its 180 rooms, only half of which were occupied this week, mainly by Iranians celebrating Persian New Year.
Inan Demir, an analyst at Turkeyâ€™s Finansbank, said he expected tourism revenue to drop under 17 billion dollars in 2016, down from 21 billion in 2015 (3 percent of GDP), worsening Turkeyâ€™s already gaping current account deficit and adding to unemployment of over 10 percent.
Foreign arrivals in January were already down 20-percent year-on-year.
Investor confidence shaken
Foreign investors, too, are likely to be â€œmuch warier about coming to Turkey, both physically and in terms of their portfolio allocations,â€ Demir said, predicting â€œa significant adverse shock to the Turkish economyâ€.
â€œWhen business and legal decisions appear to be politically motivated it is obviously very concerning for foreign investors because it creates uncertainty,â€ he said.
Yet the economy has also showed signs of resilience, with energy importer Turkey helped by the persistently low price of oil and gas.
Industrial production surprised to the upside with a 5.6 percent increase in January, while economic confidence rose in March after a three-month decline. But there are many pitfalls ahead and Finansbankâ€™s Demir said he believed investors would be closely watching who replaces Turkeyâ€™s respect outgoing central bank governor Erdem Basci when his term expires next month.