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Iraq oil projects delay over spending cuts

A worker checks the valve of an oil pipe at Al-Sheiba oil refinery in the southern Iraq city of Basra, April 17, 2016. REUTERS/Essam Al-Sudani



International oil firms have warned Iraq that projects to increase its crude output will be delayed if the government insists on drastic spending cuts this year, a senior Iraqi oil official said.
Oil companies helping Iraq develop its massive oil fields effectively perform a role similar to oil service firms in that they have to clear spending with the government each year. They are then repaid with crude oil produced from existing fields.
The arrangement worked smoothly when oil prices were above $100 a barrel but since crude has collapsed to $40 a barrel, Iraq has been struggling to find enough oil to repay the companies for their investment. Iraq relies on oil for nearly all its revenues and is spending heavily to fight IS in its northern and western provinces.
With its finances stretched, Iraq has asked foreign oil companies to rein in their budgets for developing the country’s oil resources for a second year in a row but the two sides have failed so far to agree on spending levels. The Iraqi government request was contained in Oil Ministry letters, seen by Reuters, to BP, Royal Dutch Shell , Exxon Mobil, Eni, Lukoil and Petronas.
Some companies, however, have complained that the proposed budgets may prevent them from continuing operations in Iraq, the official said, giving no details. He said BP, Shell and Lukoil have already objected to the proposed investment budgets.
According to a summary of Iraq’s proposals seen by Reuters:
BP has been asked to cut its 2016 budget to $2.48 billion and target output of 1.4 million barrels per day (bpd) at the Rumaila field it operates.
BP proposed a budget of $3.25 billion for 2015, though the amount agreed with Iraq may have differed.
Lukoil is expected to cut spending to $1.26 billion and aim for a production of 400,000 bpd at the West Qurna 2 project. The Russian company proposed a 2015 budget of $2.1 billion.
Eni should cut spending to $1.62 billion and aim for production of 351,000 bpd at the Zubair field. The Italian firm said in February it would cut spending by 20 percent across the board this year, without specifying the size of cuts in Iraq.
ExxonMobil was asked to slash spending to $878 million and aim for output of 379,000 bpd at the West Qurna 1 project. Last year, the US company insisted on spending $1.8 billion.
Shell should cut spending to $855 million and aim for a 200,000 bpd from the Majnoon field. Last year, it proposed a budget of $1.5 billion.
Petronas should reduce costs to $712 million and target production of 100,000 bpd from the Garraf field.
The oil companies in question
either declined to comment or had no immediate comment.

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