ECB fires salvos in anti-deflation battle

The rate on its marginal lending facility, by which the ECB offers overnight credit to banks, is going down to 0.25 percent from 0.30 percent.
The ECB also announced it would expand the volume of bonds it purchases each month under its programme of quantitative easing to 80 billion euros ($88 billion) from 60 billion euros. And it would also start buying corporate bonds under the QE programme.
Finally, as a way of mitigating the costs for banks, the ECB said it would roll out another new large cheap loan facility for banks, called TLTRO, to help pump liquidity into the financial system.
At his traditional post-meeting press conference to explain the decisions, president Mario Draghi pointed to a new downward revision of the bank’s own growth and inflation forecasts to justify the moves.

‘No deflation’
“This comprehensive package … has been calibrated to further ease financing conditions, stimulate new credit provision and thereby reinforce the momentum of the euro area’s economic recovery and accelerate the return of inflation to levels below, but close to, 2.0 percent,” Draghi said.
He rejected suggestions that the single currency area had slid into deflation — a dangerous downward spiral of falling prices.
Area-wide inflation turned negative last month, with consumer prices actually declining by 0.2 percent.
And while inflation was likely to remain in negative territory “for several months this year, by year-end it will go up again basically because of our monetary policy measures,” Draghi said.
“We are not in deflation.”
The ECB has been fighting a battle to drive inflation back up to levels it believes are consistent with healthy economic growth for a number of years now, to little avail.
But Draghi insisted ECB had not used up all of its gunpowder yet.
“We’re not short of ammunition,” he said.
According to the ECB’s latest updated staff projections, economic growth is picking up more slowly than expected and was now set to inch up to 1.4 percent in 2016, 1.7 percent in 2017 and 1.8 percent in 2018.
Inflation was also proving sticky and would come in at just 0.1 percent in 2016 and 1.3 percent in 2017, way below target.
While Draghi left the door open to further rate cuts in the future, the new set of measures would help and further easing was not actually anticipated, unless facts changed to necessitate it, he said.
A number of high-profile ECB members, such as Bundesbank chief Jens Weidmann, have made clear their opposition to new moves recently, but Draghi insisted the “overwhelming” majority on the governing council was in favour.
Natixis economist Johannes Gareis suggested the ECB “might find it necessary to ease once again towards the end of this year in light of too-low inflation.”
For ING DiBa economist Carsten Brzeski, too, the new measures were “not the big game changer.”
“The next months will tell whether today was the igniter of a lasting fireworks or just the last hooray,” he said.

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