Self-driving car prototypes appear to be getting better at negotiating California streets and highways without a human backup driver intervening, according to data made public by California transportation regulators.
The data reflect safety-related incidents reported by 11 companies that have been testing more than 100 vehicles on public roads, primarily in the Silicon Valley neighborhoods where the technology has grown up. The reports were made to Californiaâ€™s Department of Motor Vehicles, which posted them online.
The documents catalog the number of times from December 2015 through the end of November that humans took over control from a carâ€™s software for safety reasons. Waymo, as Googleâ€™s self-driving car project was recently rebranded, did far more testing than the other 10 companies combined â€” and had much greater success.
Its fleet drove itself more than 635,000 miles with 124 safety-related â€œdisengagements,â€ which must be reported when the technology fails or the backup driver takes control out of concern the car is malfunctioning.
The Google projectâ€™s disengagement rate was the equivalent of two incidents every 10,000 miles, a notable decrease over the prior year, when there were eight disengagements per 10,000 miles. â€œThis four-fold improvement reflects the significant work weâ€™ve been doing to make our software and hardware more capable and mature,â€ Dmitri Dolgov, Waymoâ€™s head of self-driving technology wrote in a blog post.
Waymoâ€™s chief critic acknowledged the improvement, but John Simpson of the nonprofit Consumer Watchdog said the number of disengagements shows the cars still â€œsimply arenâ€™t ready to be released to roam our roadsâ€ without human backup drivers.
Other companies also showed improvements. Nissan reported 28 disengagements over 4,099 miles, or 68 incidents per 10,000 miles â€” far better than the 106 in 1,485 miles (713 per 10,000 miles) it reported last year. Cruise Automation, a startup acquired last year by General Motors, reported driving the second most test miles this year. Cruise said its prototypes had 181 disengagements over 9,776 miles (185 per 10,000 miles) and that it was â€œpleased with our progressâ€ during testing on the complex streets of San Francisco. The company did not file numbers for 2015 because it did not have a testing permit that year.