St Albans / AFP
Once a daily sight on every British street, a dwindling but resilient band of milkmen still go out at the crack of dawn to deliver bottles of fresh milk to the nationâ€™s doorsteps.
The overwhelming majority of milk used to be sold at the front door until the supermarket revolution all but wiped out this very British institution.
But by selling more than milk and embracing the Internet, the few thousand remaining milkmen, including Neil Garner, have breathed new life into the cherished tradition.
â€œIt has given us a big boost and brought us into the 21st century. The futureâ€™s looking bright,â€ said Garner, the customer-nominated Milkman of the Year at Milk and More, the countryâ€™s biggest doorstep delivery firm.
The 57-year-old has driven his milk float â€” an electrified, open-sided delivery van â€” through towns and villages in the dead of night since 1994, placing glass pint (half-litre) bottles of milk on the doorstep ready for when customers wake for their morning cereal and cups of tea.
â€œNowadays, you donâ€™t do as many houses in each street. But we sell a lot of other stuff to the people we do have,â€ he said.
Itâ€™s not just breakfast staples like tea bags, bread, butter, eggs and bacon that Garner now has on the back of his float.
Jam, cranberry juice, pet food, potatoes and toilet roll are all available. Even bird seed and compost can be dropped off on the round.
In 1980, 89 percent of all the milk bought in Britain was delivered to the door, according to trade association Dairy UK. That figure plunged to 30 percent during the 1990s out-of-town supermarket boom.
In 2015, just 2.8 percent of milk still went to the door, a total of 154 million litres, with 5,000 milkmen and women delivering to around 2.5 million homes. Garnerâ€™s round sees him deliver six days a week to St Albans, a small commuter city northwest of London.
At the depot in nearby Watford, milkmen load up crates, containing 20 one-pint bottles each, before heading into the cold at around 2:00am.
The blue, green, red, gold and orange foil bottle tops mark different types of milk.
Garnerâ€™s no-frills electric milk float is slow and exposed to the elements, but the brisk walker likes the ease of hopping on and off for his 200 to 250 deliveries.
â€œSnow, ice, floods, in 22 years I have never not been out due to the weather,â€ the 57-year-old said.
The early drops are in pitch darkness, Garner needing a torch to find his way up the garden paths.
â€œThis is the best part of the day. The airâ€™s fresh and clean, thereâ€™s no traffic,â€ he said.
The round takes Garner down tiny country lanes; along suburban avenues; up narrow streets of cottages and inside blocks of flats. He delivers to industrial estates, schools and even a garden shed.
Some customers leave rolled-up notes with instructions such as â€œno milk todayâ€ or â€œone extra pint, pleaseâ€, but most now go online.
â€œThatâ€™s the way ahead,â€ said Garner. â€œOnline facilities have attracted younger people.