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The way to police Big Tech is through US states


California governor Gavin Newsom signed a landmark bill into law, forcing large internet companies like Facebook to make their sites safer for children. Aside from sparking irritation in tech circles, it has put a spotlight on an area where states are making greater headway than Congress: passing laws to regulate the free-wheeling dominance of Big Tech firms.
Rallying against Big Tech is that rare issue both Republicans and Democrats can agree on, yet several federal proposals with bipartisan support have stalled in Washington, including a comprehensive privacy bill and an antitrust package that will probably be mothballed next year amid a likely GOP majority in the House. When it comes to policing Big Tech, Congress is essentially gridlocked. The real action is happening at the state level.
Texas and Florida have been trying to push through new social media laws, currently tangled up in the courts with the possibility now of a Supreme Court ruling. Both seek to stop companies such as Facebook and Twitter Inc from blocking certain types of political speech — which will likely do more to appeal to their Republican bases than to adequately clean up harmful online content. Even so, like California’s new rules, they underscore the growing importance of state-level firepower in regulating tech. With Congress doing so little, more state legislators should try to pick up the slack and pass sorely needed legislation that addresses infringements of privacy, online harms and market abuse by these firms.
Doing so would take a cue from Big Tech’s own playbook.
For years, industry lobbyists have targeted state lawmakers to quietly push for watered-down privacy laws, shrewdly preempting tougher policies that might threaten their business models by forcing changes to their ad or data-collection practices.
Privacy laws recently passed in Virginia, Utah and Colorado, along with similar bills under consideration in another 22 states, lack any real enforcement power. That’s because technology firms themselves have been instigating or advising on the legislation.
Amazon.com Inc, for instance, fed Virginia lawmakers the initial text of a bill that became that state’s privacy law. “Amazon gave us the first cut of a draft to look at,” Democratic Virginia state Senator David Marsden told Protocol recently.
A powerful tech industry group known as the State Privacy and Security Coalition (SPSC), whose members include Facebook parent Meta Platforms Inc, Alphabet Inc and Amazon, has also offered state lawmakers “substantive expertise” and advice on privacy legislation. One lobbyist with the group helped Utah Republican state Senator Kirk Cullimore add substitute language to his state’s privacy bill, according to the minutes of a February 2022 hearing.
Bizarrely, the current best effort at protecting consumer privacy has come from a large tech company. Apple Inc’s App Tracking Transparency pop-up, introduced to iPhones globally last year, has done more than any law to curb targeted advertisers on our phones, knocking an estimated $14 billion off Facebook’s ad sales this year alone (and improving Apple’s business in the process). Highly profitable tech companies shouldn’t be our ultimate data protectors, neither should they dictate the direction of privacy policy. That is the job of democratically elected lawmakers.


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