Europeâ€™s biggest banks will need billions of dollars to meet collateral requirements for derivatives starting this year under the latest version of a key rule that seeks to reduce risk.
The standards, which will be phased in from September, may require EU buyers and sellers of swaps to set aside between 200 billion euros ($220.5 billion) and 420 billion euros in total once they are fully effective in 2020, three European regulators said on Tuesday in final draft standards. The requirement aims to stiffen standards for swaps contracted directly between traders rather than being settled at clearinghouses.
â€œThe challenge now will be for the industry to implement the rules in time for the September 2016 start date â€” just six months away,â€ Scott Oâ€™Malia, chief executive of the International Swaps and Derivatives Association, said in a statement after the rules were published. Itâ€™s a â€œtight time frameâ€ to comply with the requirements, he said.
After the 2008 credit crisis, regulators around the world pledged to increase the amount of securities, cash and other collateral backstopping trades in the $553 trillion global swaps market. The extra collateral is meant to protect against the threat that the default of one trader spreads risk to others and potentially throughout the financial system.
The financial industry must revise thousands of legal documents, test technology and put in place procedures for exchanging collateral, according to Oâ€™Malia. The standards must still be approved by the European Commission, the blocâ€™s executive arm.
â€œThe overall reduction of systemic risk and the promotion of central clearing are identified as the main benefits of this framework,â€ the European Banking Authority, European Securities and Markets Authority and European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority said in the document.
While regulators have been putting in place separate rules that require many commonly traded interest-rate, credit and other swaps to be settled at clearinghouses owned by LCH.Clearnet Group Ltd., Intercontinental Exchange Inc. and CME Group Inc., a portion of the swap market is still expected to take place directly between buyers and sellers in over-the-counter transactions.
The standards impose a new EU requirement for banks such as JPMorgan Chase & Co. and Barclays Plc to exchange initial margin, or collateral, at the beginning of transactions to cover the potential future losses stemming from a counterpartyâ€™s default. Currently, traders primarily exchange collateral daily or during the life of the contract to protect against swings in the market value of a transaction, rather than as a trade is initiated.