SEOUL / AP
Former UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said on Wednesday that he won’t run for South Korea’s presidency, a surprise announcement that removes a key figure from the scramble to replace impeached President Park Geun-hye and further stirs the country’s already tumultuous politics.
The withdrawal of Ban, who had been considered the only major conservative contender, boosts liberal Moon Jae-in, who has enjoyed a comfortable lead in opinion surveys since Park was impeached in December.
Ban told a hastily arranged news conference that he had wanted to use his 10 years of experience as UN chief to resolve a national crisis and achieve unity. But he said his “pure patriotism” and push for political reform were badly damaged by political slander and “fake news” that targeted him. He did not elaborate, but Ban has faced growing media questions about his political competence and corruption allegations.
“I was also very disappointed by old-fashioned, narrow-minded egoistic attitudes by some politicians, and I came to a conclusion that it would be meaningless to work together with them,” he said. Politics in South Korea has been upended by a massive scandal involving Park and her confidant, which prompted millions to take to the streets in protest. Prosecutors accuse Park of letting her friend Choi Soon-sil pull government strings from the shadows and collude with her to extort money from businesses.
Park is on a trial at the Constitutional Court, which is deliberating over whether to confirm her impeachment or restore her to power. If she is thrown out, presidential elections, originally set for December, would be held within two months. Ban, a former South Korean foreign minister whose service at the UN ended in December, initially generated sizable interest in his home country and was widely seen as testing the political waters for a possible candidacy.
But his approval ratings, which once outpaced Moon and other potential rivals, have been falling since the scandal flared in October. A survey released earlier Wednesday showed Moon, who lost the 2012 election to Park, had a 32.8 percent approval rating while Ban ranked second with 13.1 percent.
Ban is not the first U.N. official to face difficulty in turning to politics after leaving the world organization.
Kurt Waldheim, who served as U.N. secretary-general in 1972-81, later became Austria’s president but his U.N. legacy was overshadowed by revelations that he served in a German unit linked to atrocities in World War II. Mohammed ElBaradei, former head of the U.N. nuclear watchdog and a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, became a prominent critic of longtime autocrat Hosni Mubarak after his return home to Egypt.